The Climate Change Convention Agreements
- The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Convention is the centrepiece of global efforts to combat global warming
- The Convention sets out some guiding principles
- Both developed and developing countries accept a number of general commitments
- Industrialized countries undertake several specific commitments (in particular, reducing emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2000)
- The richest countries shall provide "new and additional financial resources" and facilitate technology transfer
The Precautionary Principle says “the lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as an excuse to postpone action when there is a threat of serious or irreparable damage”.
The Principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities assigns the lead in combating climate change to developed countries.
- submit GHG emission inventories by sources and removals by sinks
- adopt national strategies for mitigating climate change and adapting to its impacts
- promote technology transfer and sustainable development, conservation, and enhancement of greenhouse gas sinks (such as forests).
- take climate change into account in relevant social, economic and environmental policies
- promote education, public awareness, and exchange of information
Industrialized countries commitments:
- OECD + states of Central and Eastern Europe will adopt policies and measures aimed at returning emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2000
- must submit regular national communications on climate change strategies
Richest countries to provide funding:
- for developing countries to submit their national communications
- for environmentally sound technologies to be utilized by developing countries