1995 Meeting of the Council of the Parties (COP1)
The Berlin Mandate
- countries agreed to negotiate binding commitments by industrial countries to reduce emissions after the year 2000
- Ad hoc Group on the Berlin Mandate (AGBM) was established to conduct a series of negotiating sessions so that an agreement might be reached by COP3 in December 1997 in Kyoto
There was a recognition that voluntary measures taken by the corporate community to reduce GHG emissions would be insufficient as a policy instrument to ensure reduction targets would be met.
Binding commitments were called for, along with quantified emission reduction limits.